Speaking of any occasion whether it is birthday, Christmas , marriage or any vacation, we usually feel happy eating sugar/sweets as it makes us feel happy (adrenal rush)
Not only happy moments , in sad moments as well, we console our self by having food rich in sugar.
As we all know sugar is pure carbohydrates which makes food delicious!!
I know what you are thinking, carb is most important energy source of our body, so why am I saying this! Hold on your horses..
I totally agree with the fact that it is main source of fuel for our body, but as you know excess of anything is bad!! Yes, excess Sugar/Carb is bad
Digestion of Sugar:-
Human body is designed in such a way that it can digest sugar in its natural occurring form like fruits, vegetables and whole grains.Our small intestine is not designed to digest complex sugar’s like processed food, pasta, breads ,these things are in form of carbohydrates chain, which is difficult for stomach to absorb/break down in simple terms.
When we eat sugar, we often start feeling energetic, as there is rush of sugar in blood stream. But after that suddenly body starts feeling lethargic which is result of insulin drop
Naturally occurring sugars, as in fruits, and whole wheat, lactose, or milk sugar, come from sources that benefit your diet.
On the other hand, the sugars and syrups added during food processing and preparation, called added sugars, are viewed as an impairment to a healthy diet. Check out this video below for details.
Table sugar or sucrose consist of one molecule of fructose and one molecule of glucose. Our body cannot absorb these 2 sugar molecules, so it need a way to break this chemical link connecting two sugar’s.
Small intestine secrets an enzyme called sucrose which helps in breakdown to fructose and glucose. This indirectly helps body to utilize them and transport to liver for processing and distribute throughout the body.
Now body secretes a hormone called insulin in body which facilitates utilization of glucose into cells, where it is used for energy production.
The American Heart Association suggests having source of sugar from complex carbohydrates.
Simple sugars, honey and syrup, utilized quickly and cause rapid spikes and drops in blood sugar. Remember when you do not get your morning tea on time, you feel low energy!!
Complex carbohydrates, like grains, starchy vegetables and cereals, take longer to digest. This results in steadier blood sugar levels and sustained energy. Also, complex carbohydrates tend to provide more vitamins and minerals than sources of simple sugars.
So while you consume sugar’s in any form, excess amount of glucose is stored in form of fat . Glucose that exists beyond your body’s storage capacity is converted into fat.
HeartSugar increases the risk of stroke and heart attack, as it inflames the arteries of the heart.
BrainFood high in sugar can increase risk of depression in humans by 58%.
SkinConsuming too much sugar , confuses protein as they in cooperate it as part of their structure, resulting into aging skin and causing wrinkles.
JointsExcess sugar promotes inflammatory cytokines (that is excreted from immune cells and certain other cell types that promotes inflammation) into your bloodstream which can accelerate arthritis.
Important function of kidney is to regulate and filter minerals from blood stream , excess sugar can damage this filtration.
To summarize, yes your body need carbs to sustain and work, but the amount we take and utilize goes far beyond it needs. We can control the amount of carb we take by consuming more of natural carbs sources and may be more fat as fuel. Sugar is the next cocaine. Don’t be addicted!!